Mabuhay si Gat Andres Bonifacio!
Photo from the National Commission for Culture and the Arts

Today is the birthday of Andres Bonifacio, the Father of the Philippine Revolution. Born on November 30, 1863 to a poor couple in Tondo, Manila, the young Andres, together with his siblings, worked hard and struggled to survive especially after the death of their parents.

Later in his life, the Great Plebeian led a bigger struggle not just for his family, but for the entire Filipino nation then under the oppressive Spanish colonial government. He became a member of the peaceful group La Liga Filipina with Jose Rizal, among other propagandists. He read and was inspired by Rizal’s novels, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. The execution of Rizal showed Bonifacio that a peaceful struggle for change was useless at that time.

He led the forming of the Kataas-taasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng manga Anak ng Bayan (KKK) or Katipunan, a secret society aimed at gaining independence (kalayaan) from the colonial rule even through violent means, if neccessary. The Filipino masses embraced the organization that also proclaimed the equality (pagkakapantay-pantay) of men and women — whether rich or poor — and taught them to care for each other (pagdadamayan). Katipunan’s membership increased and managed to win many fights.

However, as the organization gained strength and number, factionalism occurred. A certain faction, particularly from the elite, eventually dislodged the Supremo from his leadership. Even as they snatched from him his rightful claim to the leadership of a new revolutionary government, his worth as a person and a leader was also insulted. After he lost the presidency to Emilio Aguinaldo at the Tejeros Convention, he was elected secretary of interior. An asshole, however, questioned his capability to handle that post. How was the Supreme Leader of the Katipunan supposed to respond to such indignity? In the end, the Supremo was tried and sentenced to death for not recognizing the new elite-led revolutionary government.

On May 10, 1897, a general named Lazaro Makapagal and his men brought him to Mt. Nagpatong in the Maragondon provinces where he met his death. The Father of the Revolution died not in the hands of the enemy. Ironic, isn’t it? The Supremo was killed by soldiers of a government that was a result of his leadership.

His death signaled the seemingly unending cycle of betrayal of the Filipino masses.

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  1. masabi ko lang kapag chickboy ka TALO KA!!!!!!!!!!


    sana manalo nga kayo sa debate niyo bukas

    _johnel to!!!!

  2. Kuya Ederic, I need strong information ,its about bonifacio and rizal and I’m in the side of bonifacio.I, the leader of the my group need information about bonifacio to be the national hero.pls. answer me

    my ym: [email protected]

  3. great topic ah! dami kong natu2nan sa site n2.. 🙂
    go Boni..atapang a tao! hihi..
    Bonifacio should be our national hero and not Rizal!
    no questions ask! :p

  4. who should be our national hero? it rizal or bonifacio?

    oh my..pls help me nman..may debate kami.. need more informations here about bonifacio.. sa side ako ni bonifacio..

    pls. help bkit hndi krapat dapat s rizal at dapat c bonifacio..

    ano ba ang mga negative side ni rizal?
    positive bi bonifacio?

    pls help me nman.. kulang pa yong nalalaman ko..need more information..

    cge na..bka babagsak kami nito..

    kelangan namin manalo..


    mahal pa nman ng tuition ngaun..tpos babagsak lng..

    cge na..class standing nmin to!


    e-mail nyo lng po ako if you can help me..
    [email protected]

    thanx po kung may tutulong po..

    tatanawin ko ng malaking malaking malaking utang na loob..

    haba na comment ko..

    mrami pa pla akong librong babasahin..haaaaaaa


  5. Hello Mr. Easy Author

    Going back to history, the debate of who could be our National hero is hard. They are Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo have higher in rank in the intervention of Taft. But the question is,”Was it necessary for Emilio Aguinaldo to execute Andres Bonifacio in the Tejeros Convention? If we’re going to put ourselves in there part, what is your answer. If yes,what’s the advantage and disadvantages. If not executed, give the advantage and disadvantages. Take note Bonifacio contributed many good things to his Filipino brothers. Take note, Bonifacio encounter political rift which identified him as sedition.

    Ym ko:[email protected]

  6. ampupu.. i beg to disagree dat rizal was the brain while bonifacio put into action because rizal’s idea was very different of dat dan bonifacio.. i think rizal is more worthy because everything dat he did and wrote was well thought of.. bonifacio’s initiative had liberated us from the spanish regime, but did it make things better? had we truely achieve the kind of democracy that we were aiming for? we were led by our own kind (Filipino presidents) for how many years but did it do us any good? (it iwill be very careless to ignore the fact that back then Spain was already a liberal or democratic country, which did not happen to the philippines because friars filtered all the good programs of spain for the philippines.. ).. ampf i believe that rizal’s way is much better.. what is the use of a good leadership if the people that will be subjected to it are not prepared? it would be like removing just the physical barriers of freedom, which are the friars, but still leaving the most deadly cause of suffering, IGNORANCE! a good leadership is useless without the right people.. and to achieve this righteousness it is very necessary to reform not only the government but the people as well.. that is the point of rizal.. he uses ideology and not harsh because no matter how many times you remove the invaders physical manifestation with force it would still be useless if the ideology still remains because what was remove by force will certainly resurface again because ideologies are deadly and worst, it is invisible to the naked eyes of the ignorants..

  7. sa mga nabasa ko, c bonifacio yung nkikita kong karapatdapat n maging pambansang bayani ntin..

    go bonifacio!may debate kmi sa monday at alam ko kmi mananalo! ^_^





  8. pwede po bang magpatulong kasi project po namain ung debate asa side kami ni bonifacio kailangan ko po ng matinding pasada!!!!!! THYKnX!!!!


    fs ko: [email protected]

    kailangan ko lng po ng onting tulong kc ako rin po yung lider…

    may the lord reward you!!!!!!

  9. pwede po bang magpatulong kasi project po namain ung debate asa side kami ni bonifacio kailangan ko po ng matinding pasada!!!!!! THYKnX!!!!


    fs ko: [email protected]

    kailangan ko lng po ng onting tulong kc ako rin po yung lider…

    may the lord reward you!!!!!!

  10. aloha! guys i need ur help. we are having a debate nextweek regarding our national hero rizal. we are n a negative side that rizal must not our national hero..pleaase help i need a strong both rizal n bonifacio but we need to defend our side. pleasee help…i reali need ur opinions..pleasee email me [email protected]

    sir edericc patulong naman….pleasee

  11. halow guys!! please help debate kami next week at sa amin ung negative side. na dapat c rizal ay hindi xa ang napiling national hero..please help i need a strong words to open others mind that rizal must not our national hero…pleaase help..send ur comment n opinions to my mail [email protected]..tnx

  12. Hi..guyz..Puide bigyan nyo ako ng article about similarities between Jose Rizal and Benigno Aquino…thanks..

  13. guys kahit ano pa gawin natin we can not deny the fact na c rizal tlaga ang nat’l hero natin kasi sya ang pinili ng naka2taas….
    bat di nalang kasi natin pagtuunan ng pancn ang ating bansa..ryt? y let not think on how wecan help 4 d betterment of ou country…. as rizal said tayo ang pag asa ng ating bansa_YOUTH…join force tayo.. kasi mga mata2nda wala na clang ka2yahang gawin ito.. moreover we can’t teach an old dogs with new tricks..instead of critizing rizal and bonifacio why not let ourselves be d hero through our ways.. sana di na natin dagdagan mga dyablo sa mundo..

  14. risal is must not be a national hero because his idea is not her own he just borrowed from other country also his identity loose for being affected by other thoughts, he just inspired filipino for revolution .

  15. when the side of rizal says “the pen is mightier than the sword”

    you say “action speaks louder than words”

    after all, ano ba ang impact ng mga nobela ni Rizal noong panahon nila? It was written in spanish– ergo, konting “indios” lang ang nakakaintindi nun. Also, less than 2000 copies lang ang nakarating sa Pilipinas, tapos isinunog pa ng mga kastila yung iba. thus making it even more rare. at dahil naman rare ito, konti lang ang nakakbasa.. at kung meron man, ito ay patago. at about 10million ang mga tao sa bansa nun…

    so let me see… only a couple of thousand of copies… can that suffice the 10m people? also consider the conditions stated above…

    isa pa.. Rizal fought for what he called “equality”…

    teka mga chong… does that mean he is a hypocrite? He agreed to serve the Spaniards doon sa Cuba to surpress the supposed-to-be-revolution.

    ito pa oh…
    rizal did drugs.. xD (does this help? haha)

    please dont get me wrong. i dont hate rizal..
    its just that… kasali din ako sa debate eh… xD
    kinakabahan na ako para bukas..

  16. Rizal is like a bubuwit in our contry so it must be Andres Bonifacio as our national Hero it is because of his contribution. Teachers of Phil. History should teach their students that Bonifacio fought for our independence and Rizal fought only for equal treatment of the Filipinos from the Spaniards-for reform…..tama ung sabi ng iba…….

  17. hello poh,.. ahmmm,… pa tulong namn poh,… ano pwedeng sagot dito sa tanong koh??

    what is your reaction about andres bonifacio?
    what is negative?positive for andres bonifacio?
    what is your opinion about andres bonifacio?

    thank you,…

  18. hello poh,.. ahmmm,… pa tulong namn poh,… ano pwedeng sagot dito sa tanong koh??

    what is your reaction about andres bonifacio?
    what is negative?positive for andres bonifacio?
    what is your opinion about andres bonifacio?

    thank you,…

  19. hey guys!
    pahelp naman oh…
    may gagawin kasi kaming debate about Rizal and Bonifacio…
    and i am on the side of Bonifacio…
    can you pls. give me strong arguments na dapat si Bonifacio ang Philippine National Hero natin…
    e-mail me at [email protected]
    i will be thankful if you could help me….(^_^)

  20. i nid help from you guys who like me thinks that Gat Andres Bonifacio should be our National hero..
    if u can send me research papers, articles or journals about it i would rily apprec8 it..
    [email protected]
    tnx and gud day…

  21. bakit nmn di nilagay yung date, place at time kung saan pinatay si bonifacio?
    report klo kc yun eh. tapos wala pa yung 1st at 2nd tejeros convention…

    kulang nmn…

    ahm… bat b si bonifacio ang naiisip nyong dapat nat. hero?

    eh si rizal nmn ang gumising sa lahat nang mga Pilipino noon sa mga kawalang galang na ginagawa ng mga kastila ah?
    sa mga Pilipinong iyon kasama na din dun si Bonifacio.
    Si Rizal ang nagbigay lakas-loob at tapang para matutong lumaban ang Pilipino sa Kastila…

    Kung wala si Rizal magkakalakas-loob ba si Bonifacio para mag-aklas sa Kastila>?

  22. elp po meron po kc kami debate about rizal vs. bonifacio tpos kay bonifacio kami..pwede po hingi ako nang mga strong arguments laban kay rizal and y bonifacio deserves to be our phil. hero..tnx po paki email nlng [email protected]

  23. guys…can u give a resume of andres bonifacio????
    i think, Rizal is unfair,,,,sinarili na nia lahat…d xa nagiwan kay bonifacio..

  24. ei.. this site really helped me figuring out whether bonifacio should be or not be our national hero… during our Phil History subject, we traced Gat Andres Bonifacio’s footstep, in Tejeros Convention (gen. trias), Mt. nagpatong (maragondon), and his trial house… is there really a fact that the remains of our great hero have not yet been found? (BTW, im currently taking my Rizal (RA 1425) subject and we had an election who between M. del Pilar, E. Jacinto, G.L. Jaena, A. Bonifacio, and JP. Rizal should be the national hero, i was not surprised when Bonifacio was considered our section’s winner…fyi)

  25. walang dapat pagtalunan kung sino man ang dapat maging national hero..ang opinyon ko lang dapat binibgyan din ng importansya at kaukulang pag-alala sa mga nagawa at buhay ni andres bonfacio..isa din syang magiting na rizal ang naging inspirasyon ni bonifacio..siguro nga kung hindi dahil sa mga pagbubunyag na ginawa ni rizal (gamit ang kanyang mga nobela) ay hindi aaksyonsi bonifacio..,pero si bonifacio ang pumukaw sa damdaming rebolusyonaryo ng mga pilipino..isa syang mandirigma na handang ibuwis ang buhay para sa bayan..ang tunay na depinisyon ng BAYANI.

    in short, let us give credit to our two national heroes!!!

  26. guys….?
    naniniwala ba kayo na sa isang sasakyan si Rizal daw ang driver at si Bonifacio naman daw ang makina…..
    na kahit wala ang makina ay tatakbo pa din ang sasakyan dahil pwede pa itong itulak ng driver….
    na ang ibig sabihin na hindi gagalaw ang mga Pilipino kung wala si Rizal….
    tama ba??? hehehe
    kuya ederic….may debate kami bukas….baka pwede pong makahingi ng konting impormasyon about kay bonifacio at rizal….
    paki send na lang po sa email ko….
    [email protected]
    salamat po in advance…..^_^

  27. kuya ederic…..
    meron ka po bang mga importanteng impormasyon about kay andres bonifacio….
    pwede po bang makahingi kasi may debate kmi bukas dec.13
    paki email na lang po….
    salamat po….^_^

  28. Wonderful essay and Mabuhay.

    Naniniwala ako na may malaking bahid ng politika ang pagbagsak ng Supremo. Nuon pa man ay may masang pilipino at mga elitista na, ang problema dito ay ang di pagkakaisa at ang masyadong paghahangad ng kapangyarihan.

    Nang magbotohan at hanggang sa pagkakadeklarang si Jose Rizal bilang isang pambansang bayani ay namumuhay pa ang taong may akda ng pagkitil sa buhay ng Supremo. Walang iba kundi si Emilio Aguinaldo at naniniwala din ako ng mga panahong iyon ay may kapangyarihan pa din sya sa gobyerno.

    Kung saka-sakali mang ang Supremo ang naging Pambansang Bayani (Sya naman dapat) bawat sumisibol na buhay sa Pilipinas ay malalaman ang kalunos-lunos at kalagim-lagim na kamatayan ng ating Supremo mula sa mga kamay ng mga traidor. Lalabas lahat ang katotohanan walang matatago at lahat ay mauungkat….lahat ng taong responsable mula sa dugasan sa Tejeros Convention at hanggang sa krimen ng pagkitil.

    Itanong mo sa iyong sarili kung ikaw ang nasa sapatos ni Aguinaldo at mayroon kang kapangyarihang impluwensyahan ang kalalabasan ng pagpili ng pambansang bayani ng mga panahong naturan…….. Ano ang gagawin mo?

    Hindi ba kayo nagtataka at walang masyadong impormasyon ni litrato ang ating Supremo? Hindi kaya lahat ng mga bagay na may kinalaman sa kaniya ay ipinabubura noon pa man….Kung maghahalungkat tayo sa baul halos wala na tayong makikita patungkol sa Supremo sapagkat mula noon hanggang ngayon ay pilit siyang binubura.

    Ang Pagpili sa Pambansang Bayani ay hindi lamang patungkol kay Rizal at Bonifacio ito rin ay may itinatagong agenda ng lihim na pagtataksil at ang pagkamatakaw sa kapangyarihan.

    opinyon lang at kapayapaan sa bawat isa.

  29. Opps, dami palang questions dito na di nasagot. Sorry po.

    @donna: Will post more links to Bonifacio-related docus. Abangan na lang po. 🙂

  30. hi guys! kami rin may debate at sa panig kami ni bonifacio…can you please give us some info to back up our arguments?

  31. Dapat daanin na lang sa national election to.. Malaki ang pakiramdam kong si bonifacio ang mananalo. Siguradong siya ang bobotuhin ng masang Pilipino… Syempre si ako boboto sa separista, hindi sa repormista!

  32. i need some help…
    kung pwede paki emphasize naman na dapat si bonifacio ang maging national hero?
    may debate kasi kami,at sa panig kami ni boni…

  33. can you guys help me answer this question?……. what are the effects (whether it be good or bad) if bonifacio became the president of the philippines? i need a reply asap,.. kindly email me at [email protected] on or before june 17,2007. thank you!

  34. great comments! i think c bonifacio nga ang apat na national hero natin..if only i have known earlier or emphasized in our lectures that rizal opted for reforms lang, eh di magbabago ang side ko. there are more than thousands of successful revolutions in the history. mabuhay si bonifacio. though i cannot the constitution implemented by the americans before which considered rizal as the national hero. whoah! woe to them..

  35. DONT READ!!!!!!!!!!!
    guys thats just an attention getter.i need strong arguments regarding rizal as national hero because we are going to have a debate on march concerning this matter.marami ng tapos sa inyo d b…impart a knowledge…hmwah!!!
    thank you

  36. me…debate namin tomorrow,Sino ba ang national hero?RIZAL OR BOPNIFACIO?…kay bonifacio po ako…pls give me inputs about bonifacio as to be our national hero…tnx

  37. wheew..tnx po so much! sana manalo kami..
    based on the debates na ginawa ng other section kasi..opposition ung nanalo..
    sana maiba naman..hehe..:D

  38. helllooooo!!!!!!!!! pwd send nyo ako ng mga informations about controversial issues related to rizal and bonifacio…… para po sa research paper ko….title po ng paper ko:” jose rizal and andres bonifacio for phil. national heroes”…..thanx….

  39. friday pa ang debate,,namove kasi may convention teacher namin..
    i have a question..
    ano ang isasagot namin pag sinabi ng opposition “THE PEN IS MIGHTIER THAN THE SWORD..”

  40. hiyee po!! kami naman..bukas na ang debate..and..exactly..NOV.30..sana gabayan kami ng kaluluwa ni ANDRES BONIFACIO..HE SHOULD BE OUR NATIONAL HERO..yebah!!

  41. This may be late but then I just want to know what had happened regarding your debate in class regarding Andres Bonifacio and Jose Rizal being the National Hero, I would admit that I am a fan of Andres Bonifacio and it seems that this hero has been neglected over and over through the years since his death in 1897 as a matter of fact his remains is still buried in a deserted spot in one of the hills in Maragondon, nobody has ever tried to launch or fund an excavation campaign to recover the remains of one of our best heroes. My opinion is that Jose Rizal was selected to be the National Hero with the influence of the Americans during the time of their occupation in our country, as you see Jose Rizal’s way of struggle was through pen and writings (no armed struggle) thus the American endorsed his proclamation as a National Hero. During those times the Americans wouldn’t want to endorse a National Hero who has lived his life in combat for the simple reason that they never wanted the Filipinos to idolize Andres Bonifacio, the last thing they wanted was an armed confrontation with Filipino Patriots. It was a better idea to endorse somebody who was polite in his struggle and was never violent, actually Rizal’s idea was not to liberate the Philippines from the Spanish occupation what he wanted was a reform, he wanted to stop the oppression and racial discrimination between indios and Spaniards but still even if those reforms were met we will still be living under the skirt of Spain unlike Bonifacio’s Kartilla of the Katipunan their main struggle was to totally liberate the Philippines from Spain and create a Republic of it’s own.

    This is just my opinion but still Jose Rizal is such a great Filipino Patriot they just differ in principle and in their actions. Don’t ask me about Emilio Aguinaldo, he is a total bullshit!!!

  42. hello guys, i believe that Rizal as our national hero is not a question anymore, but can u help me, pls…..we have a debate this coming week, and we are on the side of Bonifacio, pls help me give a good info. or argument on y should Bonifacio be our national hero, instead of Rizal. my e-mail add is [email protected], thanks guys….

  43. can u help me about my reasearch? i would like to know why aguinaldo ask to kill bonifacio? i really need ur answer as soon as possible, becoz ur answer will depends on my grades.. thnx a lot ^^

  44. EI PWD NYO BA KONG 2LUNGAN?? mAy debATE ksi kami. plSSS!!! maiPAnaLO ko lANg side namin na c Bonifacio dapat ang national hero natin. plsss tnx pow…. BONIFACIO!

  45. meron po ba sa inyo anf may kopya ng buong tula ni Gat Andres Bonifacio na “Pag-ibig sa Inang Bayan”

  46. we are going to have a debate on july 20,2005 and since we i mean i was assigned to defend the side of rizal i guess i just have to stand firm on it although i first personally believe that bonifacio should have been the Philippine national hero.
    —Over and over this question had been asked (ika nga nila gasgas na…)
    countless of reasonable and convincing arguments were presented by both side but still none of them filled the thirst for the answer.
    i think that for the good and contentment of everyone and also in honor of the two chivalrious heroes whay dont we just settle this once anf for all by making the both of them the Philippine national HEROES anyway they both were the ones who headed the KKK, they are both deserving, by this we do not only make everyone happy we also make history… having 2 national heroes…(pwede ba un…is it allowed in our constitution?)

    That’s all i have to say…
    agree or disagree…mail [email protected]

  47. ei guyzzz…help me out!! i’ve got a debate…why should bonifacio be the national hero??? pleaseee i can’t find enough info..tnx!!! peace out


  49. i was tasked to decorate a bulletin board.. since its the month of november..i planned to post gat andres bonifacio….i like the man…brave…bold…typical Filipino..very patriotic…i was surfing the net for possible quotations he quoted….please help me, if u have some thots in ur mind just email me…tenks….

  50. pwede send me some information that will prove that andres bonifacio should be our national hero instead of rizal pls……………..
    FINAL na min debate ”who among the two should be our national her I’m on side of andres bonifacio. HELP ME MGA KA BERKS

  51. According to Pinoy, “it was the Philippine Commission established by Taft (american president) in 1906 that chose rizal to be the country’s national hero”. Rizal fought for equality and not independence from spain but bonifacio seeks independence from any colonizing foreign power. the commission that picked rizal was set up by a colonizing power – america. Hence, logically, they won’t choose bonifacio as a model to be imitated by the colonized filipinos, isn’t it? or else, america will have trouble of its own making! rizal belonged to the elite, educated, and well-to-do society of his time while bonifacio grew up as a poor but hard-working, responsible and self-sacrificing person belonging to the masses. He also has a brilliant mind as evidenced by his writings and poems (if only he had been properly educated, he might also have the pen as weapon beside the sword!). looking at rizal and bonifacio in this perspective, I think bonifacio stands and represents most of us filipinos from his time until now for most of us belong to the masses. If national heroes are extolled for imitation, the masses can see themselves in bonifacio who was one of them and resembles them, especially at present. but anyhow, the test of time will tell who is who! both of them deserve no less! mabuhay!

  52. i BADLY need your help guys… we have a debate on tuesday and my finals grades really depends on it!!!! im on the side of bonifacio.. i need points on proving he is fit to be the national hero.. tnx a lot guys.. it would mean so much to me if u replied..ü

  53. helooo!!! tulong naman!! kylangan ko ng reaction bout rizal as an american made hero… NO ang sa amin…plssss i nid all ur help as soon as possible…. 2 na mamaya ang debate namin pls>>>?? ty!!!!

  54. Rizal deserved it. Maybe even Bonifacio would have chosen him.

    By the way, I disagree that Rizal’s ideas led to Aguinaldo’s puppet government. His being “moderate” if you could call it that, does not necessarily translate into subservience and self-serving leadership such as that of the first puppet. And we must remember Rizal was a great inspiration of the Katipunan .

    But I believe we must review the Supremo’s place in our history. I think he has been mainly disregarded. That he was President of the Haring Bayang Katagalugan isn’t even taught in schools. For what he did, he deserves more honor than what he’s getting now.

  55. guys… help us naman… may debate kami bwt Rizal at Bonifacio… Kay Bonifacio kami…. E-mail [email protected] nyo naman ako kung may magandang info kayo dyan… Sa Wednesday na July 14 ang debate namin..

  56. Guys… thanx for your opinion, i just taught the life of the rizal for d 1st time n i needed to support d argument y rizal and not gat andres. RA 1425 even ordered for a compulsory teaching of rizal. ur insights were alot of help. more power! :’D

  57. I’m a student in Sydney and im studying filipino as one of my subjects and i’d like to know more about why Jose rizal should be the national hero of the philippines and why you agree or disagree

  58. I think Bonifacio is more deserving to become our national hero. Mas makabayan at mas pro-independence siya kaysa kay Rizal.
    Teachers of Phil. History should teach their students that Bonifacio fought for our independence and Rizal fought only for equal treatment of the Filipinos from the Spaniards-for reform.

  59. bonifacio rocccckssss!!! may debate kmi today and thanks a lot to your site…may info na rin kmi!!!

  60. bonifacio rocccckssss!!! may debate kmi today and thanks a lot to your site…may info na rin kmi!!!

  61. wag natin pagtalunan kung sino ang masmagaling o maskarapat-dapat.pareho nmn clang nagbuwis ng buhay para satin…tangkilikin na lang natin cla preho…

  62. hurray cynthia….wow galing….me point ka dyan.kasi we should not fightover kung sino ang dapat maging bayani sa kanilang dalawa kasi yung sabi mo nga combination yung ginawa nila.rizal only awakened and united the goals of our people na stop na ang tyranny totally….what bonifacio did was only the reaction to rizal’s ideas..eventhough rizal is not for a bloody revolution but he said in his revolutionary ideas that it could be possible if all necessary means have already been used then still walng nangyari 😉

  63. excuse me lng po ano….pwede sa side muna ni rizal..sino d2 makaka2long sakin na magbigay ng strong arguments that rizal is and should be the national hero…sige na…..

  64. i doubted that bonifacio was the original choice for our national hero. perhaps, or i would say in fact, he is one among five nominated candidates for such title. all i can say is we should put an end to the argument of who really should be our national hero.bonifacio and rizal are both heroes in their own rights and in their own ways. bonifacio was the sword..rizal was the brain. meaning to say, they both contributed to our independence. but what do we mean by hero? i believe we all know it right? but anyway, let me reiterate its three definitions…”prominent person taking an admirable part in remarkable event”, rizal took this in propaganda campaign; “person of distinguished valor,fortitude in suffering” according to Palma rizal’s complete self denial..self interests for country’s welfare prove his courage, and lastly, “a man honored after death due to exceptional service to mankind”
    and as i end this, let me quote bonaparte’s statment which goes like this, “there are only two powers in this world, the sword and the pen. the latter always conquered the former”. Rizal’s approach was a silent one…a diplomatic, yet it was effective because not only his friends were awaken but he also got into the nerves of his enemies. in short he had sown the seeds within our hearts and in minds. that his legacy is for all times, for all ages. at this point, i want to comment that rizal was not an american-made hero. he himself prove that he deserves it!

  65. Oo nga. Dapat siya nalang ang national hero natin. Meron nga kming debate about rizal vs bonifacio for national heroism e. Anu gagawin ko. Matutulungan nyo kaya ako?

  66. The Philippines Commission established by Taft in 1906 picked Jose Rizal as the country’s national hero. Do you think that this was appropriate considering Rizal’s political philosophy of pacifism and Bonifacio’s revolutionary methods? The former led to Aguinaldo’s pro-American government system; while the latter should have been more localized form of governmenance. My question is, who do you think should have been the country’s national hero in the context of the Philippine struggle for independence.

  67. ricarte was also rumored to have betrayed the Supremo when he voted against him [Andres] for presidency. Nagkabayaran ata.

  68. Sabagay, naiintindihan ko. Nakasusuka nga namang banggitin ang isang kasumpa-sumpang pangalan, hindi ba? (Ugh!!!!)

  69. Great essay here, but why did you not mention the name of the asshole who questioned Bonifacio’s qualifications and insulted him? His name was Daniel Tirona.